Kozhumkodi mullayin kozhumala ranavi, Koornthathu guna disai marutham idhuvo, Ezhundana malaranai palli kol annam, Eenpani nanainthathum iru chiragudhari, Vizhungiya mudalayin pilamburai pezh vay, Vellyir uruvuthan vidathinmukkanungi, Azhungiya aanayin arum thuyar kedutha, Arangathamma, palli ezhundharulvaye. The breeze from the east blows bringing with it, The sweet incense of jasmine flowers by caressing it, The swans which caress the lotus flowers have woken up, By slowly shaking their wings making the dew drops fall down, Oh Lord mother of Srirangam who cured the sorrow of the elephant, Caused by its body being caught in the box like mouth, Of the crocodile which was trying to swallow it, I request you, Please do wake up. Chudar oli parandhana choozh disai ellam, Thunniya tharagai minnoli churungip, Padaroli pasuthanan, pani mathi ivano, Paayirul agandrathu , paim pozhir kamugin, Madalidai keeri van palaigal nara , Vaigarai koornthathu marutham ithuvo, Adaloli thigazh tharu thigiram thadakkai, Arangathamma, palli ezhundharulvaye. On all directions the light of the Sun has spread, The light of the shining stars have diminished, The very bright moon has become very pale, The darkness that pervaded had disappeared, The gentle breeze blew all over the gardens, And has opened the sheaths covering the flowers, Of Arecanut and its sweet fragrance has spread, And Oh Ranganatha mother of Sri Rangam who holds the greatly lustrous, Holy discus , please do wake up. Mettu ila methigal thalai vidum aayargal, Vey kuzhal osayum vidai mani kuralum, EEtiya visai disai paranthana vayulul, Irinthina karumbinam ilanangayar kulathai,.
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Main article: Alvars The word azhwar means the one who dives deep into the ocean of the countless attributes of god. Azhwars are considered the twelve supreme devotees of Vishnu , who were instrumental in popularising Vaishnavism during the 5th to 8th centuries AD. The religious works of these saints in Tamil , songs of love and devotion, are compiled as Nalayira Divya Prabandham containing verses and the temples revered in their songs are classified as Divya desam.
As per tradition, the first three azhwars, Poigai , Bhutha and Pei were born miraculously. Bhaktisara was the son of a sage, Thondaradi, Mathurakavi , Vishuchitta and Andal were from brahmin community, Kulasekhara from Kshatria community, Nammazhvar was from a cultivator family, Tirupanar from panar community and Tirumangaiyazhvar from kazhwar community.
According to these texts, the saints were considered incarnations of some form of Vishnu. The songs of Prabandam are regularly sung in all the Vishnu temples of South India daily and also during festivals.
It is widely accepted by tradition and historians that the trio are the earliest among the twelve azhwars. The azhwars were also instrumental in promoting the Bhagavatha cult and the two epics of India, namely, Ramayana and Mahabaratha. On the 12th day after his birth, he was named as "Vipra Narayanar".
He grew up with a well rounded personality. It is said that in spite of being good and beautiful and dedicated to Sri Vishnu bhakti, he had no conceit and treated all the aged persons and persons who are younger to him in the same way and gave proper respect to them. As per Hindu legend, he was under the influence of a prostitute, whose mother stole all the money of Vipra Narayanan. When he was need of money, Vishnu came in his rescue and showered gold in him.
He constructed a big Nandhavanam flower park in Srirangam , where various beautiful and fragrance flower plants are grown. He worshipped all the bhaktas of Sri Vishnu and put the podi Small tiny dust particles , which is found under the feet of them in his head and sang songs in praise of Sri Ranganathar.
From then, he was called as "Thondaradipodi Alwar". Thondaradipodi vehemently opposes the caste system prevalent during his times and mentions that the ultimate way to reach Vishnu is through service to him and his devotees. He believed that Ranganatha is none other than Krishna himself and he has captured his soul. The Vasantha utsavam is a nine-day festival celebrated during the Tamil month of Vaikasi May-June when Ranganatha, the presiding deity of the temple enjoys the ambience of the garden created by the azhwar.
As per a Hindu legend, Thirumangai Azhwar , who built the surrounding walls of the Srirangam temple, left the garden untouched, though it blocked the path of the wall. Spring signifies a period that brings cool breeze in the evenings and new flowers blossom. As per Hindu legend, when Jothista Homam, a penance, when done during the period, helps devotees attain moksha. It is believed that one devotees are liberated from his curse if they drink the sacred water of Vishnu during the festival.
During the mid of 15th century during the Vijayanagara rule , the Vasantha Mandapam was built inside the garden for the festive image to spend the evenings during the festival. Every evening during the festival, the festival image of Ranganatha is brought to the garden. In earlier centuries, the Devadasi Community in Srirangam, offered dance performance in front of the festive images of the temple in the Vasantha Mandapam during the festival.
The practise is discontinued in the temple, but a practise is still continued at the Puri Jagannath temple. Vasanthotsavam is one of the three festivals of the temple when Ranganathar goes back to his sanctum led by the a set of men singing Divya Prabhandam and also makes a pass by through the Ranganayagi shrine.
During the festival, the festival image of Ranganatha is taken in a procession on a horse mount around the four Chitirai streets of Srirangam. A special ablution performed for the festive image at the Vasantha Mandapam concludes the festival. He has sung in praise of six temples.
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