HISTORIA NATURALIS BRASILIAE PDF

Pages pp Historia Naturalis Brasiliae English: Brazilian Natural History , originally written in Latin, is the first scientific work on the natural history of Brazil , written by Dutch naturalist Willem Piso and research by German scientist Georg Marcgraf , published in Gralitzio , in addition to humanist Johannes de Laet. It offers an important early European insight into Brazilian flora and fauna by analyzing plants and animals and studying tropical diseases and indigenous therapies. This would lead to concern amongst Piso and his contemporaries that these people might not be able to contribute to studying medicine and botany.

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Engraved title-page by Theodor Matham, with about woodcut illustrations after Georg Marcgraf and Albert Eckhout light spotting throughout, one or two marginal tears. Contemporary calf gilt, the spine in seven compartments, with 6 raised bands, gilt-lettered in the second, the others decorated with fine gilt tools expertly rebacked preserving most of the original spine, corners strengthened. Marcgrave was initially commissioned by the Dutch West India Company to travel to north-east Brazil as an astronomer.

Along with another student of medicine and mathematics, H. Cralitz who succumbed to disease within a year of his arrival , and the physician, Willem Piso, he arrived in Brazil in Marcgrave travelled extensively, collecting all manner of plants and animals, before he was unexpectedly called upon to travel to Angola, whereupon he too died.

So Piso returned to Holland with Prince Maurits, and without Marcgrave or Cralitz, but "laden with considerable collections of specimens and the confusing notes of Marcgrave. The astronomer had written his natural history findings in a cipher, purportedly to prevent Piso claiming credit for the work. For this he was severely criticised by, among others, Carl Linnaeus.

A large map of Brazil produced by Marcgrave was also published posthumously in Indeed, after these explorations, nothing was written on Brazilian botany for more than years except for the observations made by La Condamine in the mids. Although Rio de Janeiro was an international shipping port in the 17th and 18th centuries, few ventured beyond the city, largely thanks to the intimidating rule of Spanish and Portuguese administration" Natural History Museum online.

Almost single-handedly, he founded vertebrate paleontology as a scientific discipline and created the. Our BookSleuth is specially designed for you.

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Biodiversity Heritage Library

Frontispiece, Historia Naturalis Brasiliae Published The Historia contains four books entitled De Medicina Brasiliensi by Willem Pies or Piso concerning mainly medical and culinary aspects of the country, followed by eight books entitled Historia Rerum Brasiliensi by George Marcgraf or Marcgrave dealing with Brazilian botany and zoology, as well as some meteorology, ethnology and geography. Maurits had an obsession with personally creating an earthly paradise in his colony. This frontispiece reveals a Brazilian version of Adam and Eve, with serene and almost smiling faces.

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Historia Naturalis Brasiliae

Engraved title-page by Theodor Matham, with about woodcut illustrations after Georg Marcgraf and Albert Eckhout light spotting throughout, one or two marginal tears. Contemporary calf gilt, the spine in seven compartments, with 6 raised bands, gilt-lettered in the second, the others decorated with fine gilt tools expertly rebacked preserving most of the original spine, corners strengthened. Marcgrave was initially commissioned by the Dutch West India Company to travel to north-east Brazil as an astronomer. Along with another student of medicine and mathematics, H.

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