In addition, critical thinking is based on self-discipline, self-corrective, and self-directed thinking. A well-developed critical thinker will analyze issues as crucial problems and questions arise, and gather and interpret information to draw conclusions to gauge standards and outcomes. One who is open-minded can assess an assumption, implication, and plausible outcomes of an argument or topic debate. Paul, R. The miniature guide to critical thinking concepts and tools.
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By Dr. Richard Paul and Dr. This miniature guide focuses on of the essence of critical thinking concepts and tools distilled into pocket size. For faculty it provides a shared concept of critical thinking. For students it is a critical thinking supplement to any textbook for any course. Faculty can use it to design instruction, assignments, and tests in any subject.
Students can use it to improve their learning in any content area. Its generic skills apply to all subjects. For example, critical thinkers are clear as to the purpose at hand and the question at issue. They question information, conclusions, and points of view.
They strive to be clear, accurate, precise, and relevant. They seek to think beneath the surface, to be logical, and fair. They apply these skills to their reading and writing as well as to their speaking and listening. They apply them in history, science, math, philosophy, and the arts; in professional and personal life. When this guide is used as a supplement to the textbook in multiple courses, students begin to perceive the usefulness of critical thinking in every domain of learning.
And if their instructors provide examples of the application of the subject to daily life, students begin to see that education is a tool for improving the quality of their lives. If you are a student using this mini-guide, get in the habit of carrying it with you to every class. Consult it frequently in analyzing and synthesizing what you are learning. If successful, this guide will serve faculty, students, and the educational program simultaneously.
The Problem: Everyone thinks; it is our nature to do so. But much of our thinking, left to itself, is biased, distorted, partial, uninformed or down-right prejudiced. Yet the quality of our life and that of what we produce, make, or build depends precisely on the quality of our thought. Shoddy thinking is costly, both in money and in quality of life.
Excellence in thought, however, must be systematically cultivated. It requires rigorous standards of excellence and mindful command of their use. It entails effective communication and problem solving abilities and a commitment to overcome our native egocentrism and sociocentrism.
Critical Thinking: Step 3: Acquisition of Information
Center for Critical Thinking Community Our community invites all to join who want to advance fairminded critical thinking across your work and life. This community is sponsored by The Foundation for Critical Thinking and its donors. Our community members advance and foster basic concepts and principles in critical thinking. Membership Benefits Access to the entire online library published by the Foundation for Critical Thinking.
Critical Thinking Testing and Assessment
By Dr. Richard Paul and Dr. This miniature guide focuses on of the essence of critical thinking concepts and tools distilled into pocket size. For faculty it provides a shared concept of critical thinking. For students it is a critical thinking supplement to any textbook for any course.