Phytopharmacological and ethnomedicinal uses of the Genus Berberis Berberidaceae : A review. Abstract Plants belonging to Berberis are reported in several folklore medicinal pharmacopeias and are used in traditional medicines in Asia and European countries. The plants have been used in the preparation of various traditional and synthetic medicines since pre-historic times for wound healing, fever, eye disease, jaundice, vomiting during pregnancy, rheumatism, kidney and gall balder stones, and several other illnesses. Their healing properties are appear to be due to the presence of secondary metabolites and important alkaloids with different pharmacological activities. Their antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anti-diabetic, and anti-tumor activities as well as positive effects on the cardiovascular and body immune systems have been reported. Root extracts of some species of the plant genus contain quinine which acts as a powerful anti-malarial agent.

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Nekazahn The middle zone consists of layers of sclerenchymatous fibers, which are [ Plate 4Figure 3a-c] strongly lignified. Singh J, Kakkar P. Pharmacognostic investigation of leaf Macroscopic characters 3.

Seldom berberi finds fibers with outgrowth on their walls near its ends [ Plate 1Figure 4i and j]. The tracheids are of two types. Ahmad M, Sharif TA. Masood M, Tiwari KP. Koetz and Walter, [ 68 ]; Virjee et al. Insecticidal, insect repellent and pesticidal plants of DehraDun. Hussain, [ 52 ]. Tomita and Kikuchi, [ ]. Ethnobotanical uses of Herbaria II. Balasubramani SP, Venkatasubramanian P. Int J Low Extremity Wounds ;2: Xylem parenchyma is rectangular or polygonal in shape and contains simple pits on their walls [ Plate 1Figure 4k-m] [ Table 1 ].

Nil Conflict of Interest: A case report and review of the literature. Quart J Crude Drug Res. Previous reviews on individual species of Berberis are available, but a comprehensive update on the entire genus is still lacking. The inhibitory effects of the methanolic extracts on the growth of three organisms viz. Lublin — Polpnia Section C. It was again revised by including one new species B. Abstract Berberis is an important genus and well known in the Indian as well as European systems of traditional medicine.

A survey of the genus Berberis L. A review on biological and chemical diversity in Berberis Berberidaceae RESULTS Pharmacognostic investigation of root Macroscopic characters The roots are thick, woody yellowish brown, cylindrical, more or less knotty and covered over by a thin brittle bark.

Majumdar P, Saha S. This comprehensive review will not only help researchers for further evaluation but also provide substantial information for future exploitation of species to develop novel herbal formulations. Pharmacognostical evaluation of the root of Berberis aristata DC. Notes Royal Bot Garden Edinberg. Eeview Nervous System activity: Some tracheidal fibers with simple pits on their walls are also seen.

The leaves are reported to be used in hepato-bililary disorders. Medicine practices of the Northeastern Algonquians. A review on biological and chemical diversity in Berberis Berberidaceae Physico-chemical investigations Ash and extractive values Root Total ash, acid-insoluble ash and water-soluble ash of root are 2. Published online Feb Berberis aristatafluorescence analysis, macroscopic characters, microscopic characters, physico-chemical properties.

Hence from the present investigation, an attempt has been made to bring out detailed pharmacognostical study, which could distinguish this plant from other species, allied drugs or substitutes.

Table 3 Measurement of the different tissues and cells of leaf of the B. The bark is used as a tonic and anti-periodic.

Periodical Expert Book Agency The trachea is elongated with spiral, annular, scalariform and bordered pits. Related Posts


Berberine is Superior to Metformin

Traditionally, it has been used for more than years in both Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine, with growing interest in its effects in metabolic and cardiovascular disease in the Western world in the last decade. The hypoglycemic effect of berberine was similar to that of metformin. Metformin is a widely used first-line antidiabetic drug prescribed by doctors for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, particularly in the overweight and obese, and those with normal kidney function. The intermediate products are known, variously, as Amadori, Schiff base, and Maillard products named after the researchers who first described them. Side products generated in intermediate steps may be oxidizing agents such as hydrogen peroxide , or not such as beta amyloid proteins. In fact, it was superior in several ways. It was superior in several ways.



This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract The medicinal plants from genus Berberis are particularly important in traditional medicine and the food basket of Iranians. Given various plants from genus Berberis and their economic, nutritional, and medicinal status in Iran, this study seeks to investigate the findings of recent studies on the phytochemical characteristics, specifications, and uses of Berberis vulgaris. In this review article, articles were initially retrieved from reliable scientific databases using relevant search terms. Then, articles were selected and were excluded after a primary analysis. Finally, 98 articles related to the subject under study were meticulously examined and the required data were extracted and classified according to the research purposes. The findings were divided into eight separate sections: Introducing Berberidaceae family, different species of Berberis, pharmaceutical organs, B.


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E-mail: moc. The plant is used traditionally in Indian system of medicine as an antibacterial, antiperiodic, antidiarrheal and anticancer and it is also used in the treatment of ophthalmic infections. Its root, stem and leaves also find their use in treatment of various ailments and hence is used extensively in Ayurveda. Materials and Methods: Samples of the whole plants of B. Hand and microtome sections were taken, stained and mounted and the cell content and cell wall structure were studied according to the method described by Kay and Johansen. Representative sketches were made with the help of camera Lucida.


The bud in the axil of each thorn-leaf then develops a short shoot with several normal, photosynthetic leaves. Only on young seedlings do leaves develop on the long shoots, with the adult foliage style developing after the young plant is 1—2 years old. Many deciduous species, such as Berberis thunbergii and B. In some evergreen species from China, such as B. Some horticultural variants of B.

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